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HANDS-ONLY™ CPR CAN SAVE LIVES.
Most people who experience cardiac arrest at home, work or in a public location die because they don't receive immediate CPR from someone on the scene. As a bystander, don't be afraid. Your actions can only help.
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WINTER IS HERE!
Read further to find great tips on how to keep yourself and loved ones safe and having a great time this season.
Also known as the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by flu viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The flu is different from a cold. The flu and the common cold are both respiratory illnesses but they are caused by different viruses. Because these two types of illnesses have similar flu-like symptoms, it can be difficult to tell the difference between them based on symptoms alone. In general, the flu is worse than the common cold, and symptoms such as fever, body aches, extreme tiredness, and dry cough are more common and intense. Colds are usually milder than the flu. People with colds are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose. Colds generally do not result in serious health problems, such as pneumonia, bacterial infections, or hospitalizations.
Keep Your Cold and Flu Germs to Yourself
It is estimated that one billion colds are caught annually in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 5 to 20 percent of the U.S. population catches the flu annually as well. The flu season in the U.S. typically ranges from November to April. While it is a myth that cold temperatures cause colds, it is true that cold weather keeps people indoors, making exposure more likely.
Here are some tips to help you avoid colds and the flu:
• Clean and wipe down shared surfaces such as countertops, keyboards and phones.
• Avoid touching your mouth, nose and eyes, and wash hands thoroughly and often. • Get a flu shot if possible (it is most important for children and the elderly).
• Eat healthy foods to strengthen your immune system.
• Exercise moderately to maintain a healthy immune system.
• Ask your doctor about vitamin supplements to help support your immune system.
• Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.
• Get plenty of rest.
• Try to avoid people who are sick, and know when to stay home if you become sick.
• High fever 102-104 degrees Fahrenheit
• Extreme fatigue
• Dry cough and sore throat
• Runny or stuffy nose
• Muscle aches
• Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
• Sore throat
• Cough, chest discomfort
• Mild fatigue
• Fever and headache are rare
• Runny nose
Complication of the Flu
Usually children and the elderly, or people with certain health conditions, are at risk for serious flu complications. Complications may include bacterial pneumonia, dehydration and worsening of chronic medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure, asthma or diabetes. Children may develop sinus problems and ear infections.
Stop the Spread of Germs
Germs are spread in respiratory droplets caused by coughing and sneezing. They usually spread from person to person, though sometimes people can become infected by touching something contaminated by germs. Most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning one day before symptoms develop and up to five days after becoming sick. To prevent the spread of germs, cover your nose and mouth when you sneeze or cough. Use tissues when you sneeze or if you have the sniffles. If tissues aren’t available, sneeze into your sleeve – it is another great weapon against germs. But don’t just throw tissues on the floor to pick up later; toss them in the trash and wash your hands frequently. Any kind of soap is effective in removing germs if you vigorously rub your hands together under running water for at least 15-30 seconds.
To work or not to work
Cold and flu are the most common contagious diseases in the workplace. But should you go to work sick or stay home? There are few hard and fast rules to help you decide. Health experts and HR professionals say personal judgment and common sense should be your guide.
You should stay home if you have a fever because you are probably the most contagious at that time, or if you cannot control your sneezing and coughing.
When in doubt, call your physician. And don’t overtax your immune system by going to work if you’re really suffering. Common colds can become more serious bacterial infections such as sinusitis, and influenza can turn into pneumonia.
If you decide to work and treat your symptoms with over-the-counter medications, check the label and ingredients, and talk to your pharmacist. Some cold and flu medicines (with antihistamines) can make you drowsy, and that can be dangerous when you drive a vehicle or work around any kind of machinery. Other over-the-counter medications can negatively react with maintenance medications you take regularly.
It’s your decision
Most companies have formal sick day or attendance policies. HR professionals say that supervisors have the right and responsibility to tactfully and privately tell an obviously sick employee to go home, if necessary. The ultimate decision rests with the individual worker. Most employers expect their workers to use common sense and courtesy and stay home when they are very sick.
Are flu shots effective? Your genetics determine how the immune system responds.
Given how genes have a hand in practically every health issue, it should be no surprise that studies are starting to show that not all people are the same in terms of how well a vaccine works in them. But a recent study examining responses to influenza vaccine does more than just tell us how to know who should feel more at ease after getting their seasonal flu shot. Read more here.
The Childhood Immunization Schedule: Why Is It Like That?
Signs of Hypothermia
• Persistent shivering
• Difficulty walking
• Mild confusion
Signs of Frostbite
• Stiffness of affected area
• Pallor skin color
• Pain when the area is rewarmed
• Blisters and swelling in severe cases
occurs when the core
body temperature is
below 95°F (35°C)
Cold weather can be dangerous for anyone who enjoys outdoor winter sports, and people who work outdoors during winter must be particularly mindful of the risks.
Before venturing outside in winter, be sure to:
Preparing For an Extended Power Outage
The storm may blow through in a day, but the lights may stay out for a week — or more. An extended power outage can mean shivering — or sweating — in the dark and, in some cases, can be a threat to your health and safety. The key to staying safe and comfortable during an extended power outage is preparation and knowing what to do when the lights go out. And stay out.
Before the lights go out
When the lights go out
Before the lights go out
- Every household should already have an emergency preparedness kit that will meet the needs of you and your family for three days. Much of what you need to make it through an extended power outage will be on hand with the gear on the checklist found at www.Ready.gov, the emergency preparedness Web site of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
- Northeast Utilities, New England’s largest utility system serving more than two million customers in three states, recommends putting together a “Lights Out Kit” that includes a flashlight for each family member, extra batteries, battery-powered radio and clock, bottled water, canned food, manual can opener, first aid kit and Sterno or a similar alcohol-based cooking fuel.
- Because cordless phones won’t work when the power is out, you should include an old-fashioned corded phone in the “Lights Out Kit.”
- Should anyone in the house use electrically powered life-support equipment or medical equipment, be sure to ask your physician about emergency battery backup systems.
- Clearly label fuses and circuit breakers in your main electricity box. Make sure you know how to safely reset your circuit breaker or change fuses. Keep extra fuses on hand.
When the lights go out
- Pull the plug on motor-driven appliances such as refrigerators and electronic gear such as computers and televisions to prevent damaging electrical overload when power is restored.
- Keep the refrigerator and freezer doors closed as much as possible. You may want to your refrigerator and freezer to their coldest settings in advance of the storm. Just remember to reset the temperatures when the storm blows past. Food in the freezer can stay frozen for two to four days, according to the National Center for Home Food Preservation. During an extended power outage, you can use blocks of dry ice in the freezer.
- Use extreme caution when using alternative heating or cooking sources. Never use camp stoves, charcoal-burning grills or propane/kerosene heaters indoors. Don’t use a gas stove or oven to heat the house. They all pose the risk of fire and carbon monoxide poisoning. More than 400 people a year die from accidental carbon monoxide poisoning, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, chest pain, and confusion.
- If you use a portable generator, plug appliances into the generator. Connecting the generator directly to your home’s electrical system can send power up the line and kill a utility repairman working on the power lines. Generators produce deadly carbon monoxide, so be careful when placing it. Never refuel the generator while it is running.
Know the Dangers of Carbon
Reduce the risk
• Maintain and tune up devices
that produce carbon monoxide
• Never use small gas-powered
engines in enclosed spaces
• Keep work areas well ventilated
• Install carbon dioxide monitors
Signs of poisoning
• Headaches, fatigue and weakness
• Dizziness and nausea
• Shortness of breath
• Heart palpitations
An average of 166 people die each year as a
result of carbon monoxide poisoning. Thousands
more end up in hospital emergency rooms.
Treat the BURN.
1. Remove the heat source.
2. Cool the burned area with cold water. Immerse a
small area in a sink or bucket, or cover a larger
area with a wet cloth for at least 10 minutes.
3. Remove clothing and jewelry before the
4. Protect the burn from friction
1. With a dry chemical, wear gloves and brush it off
the victim’s skin.
2. With a spilled liquid giving off fumes, move the
victim or ventilate the area.
3. Rapidly flush the area with running water for
4. Remove clothing and jewelry from the burn area,
and call 911.
1. Don’t touch the victim until you
know the area is safe. Unplug
2. With an unresponsive victim, give basic life
support and call 911
3. Stop the burning, cool the area, remove
clothing and jewelry, and cover the burn.
4. Have the victim lie down, elevate
legs and maintain body temperature.
1. Seek medical attention if necessary